Since the 16th century, most parts of southern Inner Mongolia-near the Great Wall - have experienced a transformation from nomadic society to agricultural society. In terms of the changes in space, the appearing of agricultural settlements was a significant one. The Bayishinchi village of Baotou is an agricultural settlement formed during this process. Through different historical periods, Mongolian residents and Han residents kept creating and explaining space from the perspectives of their own cultural traditions and thus shaped the spatial pattern of Bayishinchi together. The interaction between the Mongolian people and the Han Chinese people shows us the historical progress of how the agricultural settlements developed, which also enable us to better understand the relationship between space construction and social transformation.