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Spatiality, Inauthenticity and the Revival of Community Heritage Memory: Place-names and Spatial Limits of the Japanese Immigrant Village of Fengtian, Hualien

Yuchuan CHANG (National Taitung University)
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The most complete remains of a Japanese immigrant village in all of Taiwan is found in Fengtian, Hualian. In recent years, investment in community reconstruction as well as administrative and financial support from the government has made the community extremely well-known and led to an influx of tourists. Along with political and economic benefits, community organizations have gained the power to narrate local heritage. But the accounts of local place names and spatiality in local education and guided tours differ from the historical record and from oral history accounts. Based on long-term fieldwork in Fengtian, this paper uses the concepts of memory formation and inauthenticity to explore the relationship between heritage and memory. Using the examples of the village's police station and its tutelary deity, it discusses the sustainability and reappearance of heritage memory. This discussion may assist in developing the concept of native heritage in Taiwan and contribute to a better understanding of how community development organizations and communities themselves use local knowledge and social realities to construct local history.

Journal of History and Anthropology